Cameroon recorded a year-on-year average growth rate of 10.14% for the period 2006 to 2016 of published scientific and technical journal articles. The number of scientific and technical journal articles published by researchers in Cameroon grew from 314 in 2007 to 670 in 2016, according to data from the World Bank.
Scientific and technical article counts are from journals classified by the Institute for Scientific Information’s Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). The number of scientific and technical journal articles “refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences”.
The government of Cameroon has declared its intention to transform the country into a middle-income country by 2035. However, it has faced problems with slag economic growth and lack of competitiveness, as the country continues to rely on natural resources. To enhance the country’s competitiveness, the government has decided to invest in augmenting labour skills and scientific research.
The increase number of scientific and technical journal articles reflects the results of Biya’s policy to strengthen the country’s research and development capacity through the Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation. Early in 2010, the government announced measures to strengthen of scientific and innovatory capabilities of Cameroon, train and employ more researchers and technicians, and promote elaborate research and development projects.
Researchers in Cameroon have also published more scientific and technical articles than their neighbours in the Central African Monetary and Economic Community (CEMAC) region.